GHz nanoscale electrical and dielectric measurements
of the solid-electrolyte interphase
and applications in the battery manufacturing line
Project duration: 36 months
Project website:
Project community on Zenodo: coming soon
Project Press Release
Project Folder
NanoBat Events:
NanoBat Open Platform Tools and Examples:
Open Platform Teaching Kits:
Open Platform Advanced Tools:
NanoBat-Modeller - licence-free CAD modeller developed within the NanoBat project. Download NanoBat-Modeller.

QuickWave - software for electromagnetic design and simulations based on conformal FDTD method. Download QuickWave STUDENT Release (with BOR Thermal Module of NanoBat).
Open Platform Dissemination Examples:
Simulation Examples:
Measurement Examples:
Raw Measurement Data:
NanoBat Description:
NanoBat project aims to develop a novel nanotechnology toolbox for quality testing of Li-ion and beyond Lithium batteries with the potential to redefine battery production in Europe and worldwide. The targeted radio frequency (RF)-nanoscale techniques will be faster and more accurately calibrated than existing methods. The project will significantly reduce the costs of battery production thus greatly benefiting the evolving clean energy and e-mobility transition in Europe.
The NanoBat consortium will follow four methodological steps:
Development of four new scientific multi-scale RF-instrumentations for off-line, in-line and real-time measurements
Establishment of modelling and predictive analytics tools for the SEI layer including physics-based GHz models
Studies of advanced cell materials and first demonstrator tests in the smaller pilot lines
Scale-up considering specifications and targets from the industry
With the market potential of battery production estimated at  EUR 250 billion by 2025, and about one third of the production costs related to the formation phase of the electrode solid electrolyte interphase (SEI), the NanoBat research will have a particular focus on the nanoscale structure and the electrical processes at the SEI layer. The NanoBat toolbox will bring forward novel GHz nanoscale methods to allow testing and quantifying the relevant processes, responsible for battery performance and safety, but difficult to characterise and optimise with existing techniques.
QWED team will contribute to the GHz nanoscale technology developments through both computer modelling (WP3) and instrumentation (WP1, 4) developments:
In WP3 a simulation toolbox will be developed for coupled GHz-thermal modelling of battery materials and half-cells. A dedicated Open Platform GUI will allow launching different types of semi-analytical and numerical (FDTD, FEM) solvers for continuum GHz, thermodynamic and coupled models, under different licence schemes.
In WP1 a new large-surface scanner for 2D imagining of resistivity and sheet impedance of graphene anodes materials, taking into account industrial process parameters, will be designed and built.
In WP4 measurements of industry provided samples of Lithium-ion battery graphene anode materials will be performed, determining the dependence of electrical parameters on material processing factors. The measurement technology will be adapted to industrial environments.
NanoBat Consortium:
Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Austria
Centro Ricerche Fiat, Italy
EURICE – European Research and Project Office GmbH, Germany
Federal Institute of Metrology METAS, Switzerland
IMDEA Energy Institute, Spain
Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria
Keysight Technologies GmbH, Austria
Kreisel Electric GmbH & Co KG, Austria
Pleione Energy S. A., Greece
QWED, Poland
Ruhr-Universitӓt Bochum, Germany
Technische Universitӓt Braunschweig, Germany
The NanoBat project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 861962.
The information in this document is provided "as is", and no guarantee or warranty is given that the information is fit for any particular purpose. The user uses the information at its sole risk and liability.
NanoBat Articles, Presentations, Posters & Outreach:
M. Celuch, M.J. Hill, T. Karpisz, M. Olszewska-Placha, S. Phommakesone, U. Ray, B. Salski, "Bridging the materials’ permittivity traceability gap for 5G applications", IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation 2021, 4-10 December 2021 - accepted version.
M. Olszewska-Placha, D. Gryglewski, W. Wojtasiak, and M. Celuch, "Demonstration of a combined active-passive methodology for the design of solid-state-fed microwave ovens", 18th International Conference on Microwave and High Frequency Applications: AMPERE 2021, Gothenburg (Sweden) - digital event, 13-16 September 2021 - accepted version.
N. Mikos, M. Celuch, M. Olszewska-Placha, G. Gramse, "Extension of open EM modeling platform towards electrochemistry and energy materials", International Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society (ACES) Symposium 2021, Online-Live, August 1-5, 2021 - accepted version and presentation.
Presentation: M.Celuch and M.Olszewska-Placha, "Linked CHADA and MODA for GHz characterisation and modelling of energy materials in the H2020 NanoBat project", International Conferences & Exhibition on Nanotechnologies, Organic Electronics & Nanomedicine, Thessalonki, Greece, 3-10 July 2021, Session "Open Innovation, Standardisation and Business Development".
N. Mikos, M. Olszewska-Placha and M. Celuch, "Continuum Modelling with QuickWave Software: Extensions & Applications in H2020 NanoBat project", eSSENSE-EMMC Workshop on "Multiscale modelling of materials and molecules in complex systems", Uppsala, June 2021.
P. Korpas, D. Mieczkowska, M. Olszewska-Placha, J. Rudnicki, M. Celuch, "Quantitative Error Metrics and Test Patterns for Enhanced Dielectric Resonator Imaging of Microwave Materials", accepted for IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium 2021, Atlanta, 6-11 June 2021 – accepted version.
Report on "Advanced materials modelling and characterisation: strategies for integration and interoperability" elaborated by the European Materials Modelling (EMMC) and Characterisation (EMCC) Councils in the framework of the EuroNanoForum event held on 4 May 2021, co-authored by M. Celuch and with QWED's contribution to the defined challanges, specifically a twinned MODA-CHADA system developed in the framework of the H2020 MMAMA and NanoBat projects.
Presentation: M. Olszewska-Placha, M. Celuch, "Recent developments of resonator measurements for emerging materials and technologies", 17th International Conference on Device Packaging, April 12-15 2021, Session "5G Electronics Challanges: High Frequency Materials Characterization".
Presentation: M. Hill, M. Celuch, "Benchmarking Resonator Based Low dK/dF Material Measurements", IPC-APEX, 8-12 March 2021, Session "5G/ High Frequency Materials Characterization Challenges and Opportunities".
Presentation: M. Olszewska-Placha, J. Rudnicki, M. Celuch, "Modelling of energy materials and electrical test-fixtures: developments and Open Platform implementation linking MODAs and CHADAs", 3rd EMMC International Workshop, March 2021, Session #3 Model Development Focus Area.
Presentation: M. Celuch, M. Olszewska-Placha, J. Rudnicki, "How to support 5G materials measurements, antenna designs, and standards developments with QuickWave simulations", Electronic Materials and Applications EMA 2021 virtual conference, 19-22 January 2021.
Presentations at IEEE Day (September 29th 2020) and  IEEE Student Meeting Champions League virtual meeting (January 13th, 2021) "Computer Multiphysics simulations – a must-have for emerging technologies".
Poster: M.Celuch, M. Olszewska-Placha, J. Rudnicki, A. Gungor , J. Smajic, J. Leuthold, "Open platform GUI for comparative FDTD and FEM computation of material microwave measurement scenarios", 19th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation CEFC 2020, 16-19 November 2020.
Presentation: M. Olszewska-Placha, M.Celuch, T. Le Quang, A. Gungor, J. Hoffmann, J. Smajic, J. Rudnicki, "Open access CAD, EM tools, and examples for teaching microwaves", 23rd Intl. Conference on Microwaves, Radar and Wireless Communications MIKON-2020, Warsaw, 5-8 October 2020.
M. Olszewska-Placha and M. Celuch, "Continuum Modelling with QuickWave software – User Cases of MMAMA and NanoBat projects", eSSENSE-EMMC Workshop on "Multiscale modelling of materials and molecules in complex systems", Uppsala June 2020.